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Installation > Installing Edge with Docker (Linux or Mac OS)
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Installing ThingsBoard Edge using Docker (Linux or Mac OS)

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Rules of Compatibility Between ThingsBoard Edge and ThingsBoard Server Versions:

  • A ThingsBoard Edge version X.Y.Z is compatible with the same ThingsBoard Server version X.Y.Z and any later versions.
  • A ThingsBoard Edge version X.Y.Z is NOT compatible with ThingsBoard Server versions preceding X.Y.Z.

Example: ThingsBoard Edge version 3.3.4.1 is compatible with ThingsBoard Server version 3.3.4.1 and subsequent versions (3.4.0, 3.4.1, …). However, ThingsBoard Edge version 3.4.0 is NOT compatible with ThingsBoard Server version 3.3.4.1 or any prior versions (3.3.4, 3.3.3, …). In such scenarios, ThingsBoard Server 3.3.4.1 or a preceding version must first be upgraded to ThingsBoard Server 3.4.0 or a later version.

Please ensure that the ThingsBoard Server is updated to the latest version before proceeding.

This guide will help you to install and start ThingsBoard Edge using Docker on Linux or Mac OS.

Prerequisites

To start utilizing the ThingsBoard Edge, it is essential to have an operational ThingsBoard server that supports Edge functionality.

The easiest way is to use Live Demo server.

Alternatively, you can install the ThingsBoard Community Edition server on-premise. For this, please refer to the ThingsBoard installation guide.

Edge Hardware Requirements

The hardware specifications needed for ThingsBoard Edge are determined by both the number of devices connected locally and the extent of GUI interaction:

  • Light Usage: If you intend to operate ThingsBoard Edge with minimal GUI interactions (such as local dashboards and device management) and anticipate connecting fewer than 100 devices to a single machine, a minimum of 1GB of RAM should suffice.

  • Heavy Usage: Conversely, for heavy GUI interactions and connections to 100+ devices on a single machine, we recommend allocating at least 4GB of RAM to ensure optimal performance.

Provisioning a new Edge instance on the ThingsBoard server

Additionally, you will need to provision Edge on the ThingsBoard server.

  • Sign in to your ThingsBoard instance and navigate to the “Edge Management” section -> “Instances” page. Click the “+” icon in the top right corner and select “Add new edge”.

  • Enter a name for your Edge. For instance, “My New Edge”. Click “Add” to confirm adding of your new Edge.

  • Your new Edge should now appear at the top of the list, as entries are sorted by creation time by default.

Docker installation

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Don’t forget to add your linux user to the docker group. See Manage Docker as a non-root user.

Guided Installation Using ThingsBoard Server Pre-configured Instructions

The most straightforward method to install and connect Edge to the Server is by utilizing the prepared installation instructions provided by the ThingsBoard Server. For every Edge Entity, the Server has prepared instructions with already populated fields such as the Edge secret key, Edge routing key, Edge RPC host URI, etc. Please follow the steps below to use these prepared instructions:

  • Click an Edge entity row to open it's details;

  • Click on the “Install & Connection Instructions” button;

  • Follow instructions to install Edge and connect to the server.

Manual Installation and Configuration

If, for any reason, you are unable to use the prepared ThingsBoard Server Instructions above, please follow the generic steps outlined below. These steps will guide you through installing and configuring the Edge by yourself.

Step 1. Running ThingsBoard Edge

Here you can find ThingsBoard Edge docker image:

Click on Copy Edge Key and Copy Edge Secret in the edge details section. This will copy your edge credentials to your clipboard. Be sure to store them in a secure location, as these values will be needed in the following steps.

Create docker compose file for ThingsBoard Edge service:

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nano docker-compose.yml

Add the following lines to the yml file:

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version: '3.8'
services:
  mytbedge:
    restart: always
    image: "thingsboard/tb-edge:3.6.2EDGE"
    ports:
      - "8080:8080"
      - "1883:1883"
      - "5683-5688:5683-5688/udp"
    environment:
      SPRING_DATASOURCE_URL: jdbc:postgresql://postgres:5432/tb-edge
      CLOUD_ROUTING_KEY: PUT_YOUR_EDGE_KEY_HERE # e.g. 19ea7ee8-5e6d-e642-4f32-05440a529015
      CLOUD_ROUTING_SECRET: PUT_YOUR_EDGE_SECRET_HERE # e.g. bztvkvfqsye7omv9uxlp
      CLOUD_RPC_HOST: PUT_YOUR_CLOUD_IP # e.g. 192.168.1.1 or demo.thingsboard.io
    volumes:
      - tb-edge-data:/data
      - tb-edge-logs:/var/log/tb-edge
  postgres:
    restart: always
    image: "postgres:15"
    ports:
      - "5432"
    environment:
      POSTGRES_DB: tb-edge
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: postgres
    volumes:
      - tb-edge-postgres-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data

volumes:
  tb-edge-data:
    name: tb-edge-data
  tb-edge-logs:
    name: tb-edge-logs
  tb-edge-postgres-data:
    name: tb-edge-postgres-data

Where:

  • restart: always - automatically start ThingsBoard Edge in case of system reboot and restart in case of failure;
  • 8080:8080 - connect local port 8080 to exposed internal HTTP port 8080;
  • 1883:1883 - connect local port 1883 to exposed internal MQTT port 1883;
  • 5683-5688:5683-5688/udp - connect local UDP ports 5683-5688 to exposed internal COAP and LwM2M ports;

  • thingsboard/tb-edge:3.6.2EDGE - docker image;

  • CLOUD_ROUTING_KEY - your edge key;
  • CLOUD_ROUTING_SECRET - your edge secret;
  • CLOUD_RPC_HOST - ip address of the machine with the ThingsBoard platform;
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Please set CLOUD_RPC_HOST with an IP address of the machine where ThingsBoard version is running:

  • DO NOT use ‘localhost’ - ‘localhost’ is the ip address of the edge service in the docker container.

  • Use demo.thingsboard.io if you are connecting edge to ThingsBoard Live Demo for evaluation.

  • Use X.X.X.X IP address in case edge is connecting to the cloud instance in the same network or in the docker.

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If ThingsBoard Edge is set to run on the same machine where the ThingsBoard server is operating, you need to update additional configuration parameters to prevent port collision between the ThingsBoard server and ThingsBoard Edge.

Please update next lines of docker-compose.yml file:

ports:
- “18080:8080”
- “11883:1883”
- “15683-15688:5683-5688/udp”

Ensure that the ports listed above (18080, 11883, 15683-15688) are not being used by any other application.

Set the terminal in the directory which contains the docker-compose.yml file and execute the following commands to up this docker compose directly:

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docker compose up -d
docker compose logs -f mytbedge
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ThingsBoard supports Docker Compose V2 (Docker Desktop or Compose plugin) starting from 3.4.2 release, because docker-compose as standalone setup is no longer supported by Docker.

We strongly recommend to update to Docker Compose V2 and use it.

If you still rely on using Docker Compose as docker-compose (with a hyphen), then please execute the following commands to start ThingsBoard:
docker-compose up -d
docker-compose logs -f mytbedge

Step 2. Open ThingsBoard Edge UI

Once started, you will be able to open ThingsBoard Edge UI using the following link http://localhost:8080.

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If you changed the Edge HTTP bind port to 18080 during Edge installation, use the following ThingsBoard Edge UI link: http://localhost:18080.

Please use your tenant credentials from local Server instance or ThingsBoard Live Demo to log in to the ThingsBoard Edge.

Step 3. Detaching, stop and start commands

You can detach from session terminal using Ctrl-p Ctrl-q key sequence - the container will keep running in the background.

In case of any issues you can examine service logs for errors. For example to see ThingsBoard Edge container logs execute the following command:

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docker compose logs -f mytbedge

To stop the container:

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docker compose stop mytbedge

To start the container:

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docker compose start mytbedge
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Docker Compose as docker-compose (with a hyphen) is deprecated. It is recommended to use Docker Compose V2 instead.
If you still rely on docker compose as standalone here is the list of the above commands:
docker-compose logs -f mytbedge
docker-compose stop mytbedge
docker-compose start mytbedge

Troubleshooting

DNS issues

NOTE If you observe errors related to DNS issues, for example

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127.0.1.1:53: cannot unmarshal DNS message

You may configure your system to use Google public DNS servers. See corresponding Linux and Mac OS instructions.

Next Steps

Congratulations! You have successfully provisioned, installed and connected ThingsBoard Edge to ThingsBoard server.

You can continue with Getting started guide to get the basic knowledge of ThingsBoard Edge or you can jump directly to more advanced topics: