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Installing ThingsBoard Edge on Windows

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Rules of Compatibility Between ThingsBoard Edge and ThingsBoard Server Versions:

  • A ThingsBoard Edge version X.Y.Z is compatible with the same ThingsBoard Server version X.Y.Z and any later versions.
  • A ThingsBoard Edge version X.Y.Z is NOT compatible with ThingsBoard Server versions preceding X.Y.Z.

Example: ThingsBoard Edge version is compatible with ThingsBoard Server version and subsequent versions (3.4.0, 3.4.1, …). However, ThingsBoard Edge version 3.4.0 is NOT compatible with ThingsBoard Server version or any prior versions (3.3.4, 3.3.3, …). In such scenarios, ThingsBoard Server or a preceding version must first be upgraded to ThingsBoard Server 3.4.0 or a later version.

Please ensure that the ThingsBoard Server is updated to the latest version before proceeding.

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Please consider to use Linux installation option, because Linux is the most stable platform for running ThingsBoard. Windows installation will be deprecated in the future. You can find Linux installation guides on Installation Guide page.

This guide describes how to install ThingsBoard Edge on Windows machine. Instructions below are provided for Windows 10/8.1/8/7 32-bit/64-bit.


To start utilizing the ThingsBoard Edge, it is essential to have an operational ThingsBoard server that supports Edge functionality.

The easiest way is to use ThingsBoard Cloud server.

Alternatively, you can install the ThingsBoard Professional Edition server on-premise. For this, please refer to the ThingsBoard Professional Edition installation guide.

Edge Hardware Requirements

The hardware specifications needed for ThingsBoard Edge are determined by both the number of devices connected locally and the extent of GUI interaction:

  • Light Usage: If you intend to operate ThingsBoard Edge with minimal GUI interactions (such as local dashboards and device management) and anticipate connecting fewer than 100 devices to a single machine, a minimum of 1GB of RAM should suffice.

  • Heavy Usage: Conversely, for heavy GUI interactions and connections to 100+ devices on a single machine, we recommend allocating at least 4GB of RAM to ensure optimal performance.

Provisioning a new Edge instance on the ThingsBoard server

Additionally, you will need to provision Edge on the ThingsBoard server.

  • Sign in to your ThingsBoard PE instance and navigate to the “Edge Management” section -> “Instances” page. Click the “+” icon in the top right corner and select “Add new edge”.

  • Enter a name for your edge. For instance, “My New Edge”. If necessary, update the cloud endpoint. This URL should be accessible from the edge. If the edge is running in a Docker container, using “localhost” is incorrect. It must be the IP address of the machine where ThingsBoard PE is running and accessible by the edge container. If you are using the ThingsBoard Cloud server to evaluate the edge, leave this setting as it is. Click “Add” to confirm adding your new Edge.

  • Your new edge should now appear at the top of the list, as entries are sorted by creation time by default.

Installation and Configuration

Step 1. Install Java 11 (OpenJDK)

ThingsBoard service is running on Java 11. Follow this instructions to install OpenJDK 11.

  • Visit Open JDK Download Page to download latest OpenJDK 11 (LTS) MSI package.
  • Run the downloaded MSI package and follow the instructions. Make sure you have selected “Add to PATH” and “Set JAVA_HOME variable” options to “Will be installed on local hard drive” state.
  • Visit PostgreSQL JDBC Download Page to download PostgreSQL JDBC Driver
  • Copy downloaded file to C:\Program Files\AdoptOpenJDK\jdk-\jre\lib\ext and add a global variable named CLASSPATH with value .;”C:\Program Files\AdoptOpenJDK\jdk-\jre\lib\ext\postgresql-42.2.18.jar” to your system (right click on “My Computer”, scroll down, “Advanced System Settings”, “Advanced”, “Environmental variables…”, under “System variables” click “Create…”).
  • If the jre folder does not exists under “C:\Program Files\AdoptOpenJDK\jdk-” path, create this folder and all required sub-folders

You can check the installation using the following command (using Command Prompt):

java -version

Expected command output is:

C:\Users\User>java -version
openjdk version "11.0.xx"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (AdoptOpenJDK)(...)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (AdoptOpenJDK)(...)

Step 2. Configure PostgreSQL

ThingsBoard Edge uses PostgreSQL database as a local storage.

PostgreSQL Installation

Download the installation file (PostgreSQL 12.17 or newer releases) here and follow the installation instructions.

During PostgreSQL installation, you will be prompted for superuser (postgres) password. Don’t forget this password. It will be used later. For simplicity, we will substitute it with “postgres”.

Create ThingsBoard Edge Database

Once installed, launch the “pgAdmin” software and login as superuser (postgres). Open your server and create database tb_edge with owner “postgres”.

Step 3. ThingsBoard Edge service installation

Download and extract the package.


Note: We assume you have unzipped package to default location: C:\Program Files (x86)\tb-edge

Step 4. Configure ThingsBoard Edge

Open the Notepad or other editor as administrator user (right click on the app icon and select “Run as administrator”).
Open the following file for editing (select “All Files” instead of “Text Documents” in file choosing dialog, the encoding is UTF-8):

C:\Program Files (x86)\tb-edge\conf\tb-edge.yml
Database configuration

In the file “tb-edge.yml” from the previous step locate “# SQL DAO Configuration” block.

Don’t forget to replace YOUR_POSTGRES_PASSWORD_HERE with your real postgres user password:

# SQL DAO Configuration
        enabled: "true"
      ddl-auto: "none"
    driverClassName: "${SPRING_DRIVER_CLASS_NAME:org.postgresql.Driver}"
    url: "${SPRING_DATASOURCE_URL:jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/tb_edge}"
    username: "${SPRING_DATASOURCE_USERNAME:postgres}"
Configure cloud connectivity

Click on Copy Edge Key and Copy Edge Secret in the edge details section. This will copy your edge credentials to your clipboard. Be sure to store them in a secure location, as these values will be needed in the following steps.

Locate “# Cloud configuration” block and replace PUT_YOUR_EDGE_KEY_HERE and PUT_YOUR_EDGE_SECRET_HERE with Edge key and secret respectively.

Please replace PUT_YOUR_CLOUD_IP with an IP address of the machine where ThingsBoard PE version is running:

NOTE: uses SSL protocol for edge communication. Please change CLOUD_RPC_SSL_ENABLED to true as well.

  • Use localhost in case edge is running on the same machine where cloud instance is running.
  • Use X.X.X.X IP address in case edge is connecting to the cloud instance in the same network or in the docker.
# Cloud configuration
        # Set to 'true' if using or if you have configured a TLS connection on your Server; set to 'false' otherwise.
        enabled: "${CLOUD_RPC_SSL_ENABLED:true/false}" 
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If ThingsBoard Edge is set to run on the same machine where the ThingsBoard PE server is operating, you need to update additional configuration parameters to prevent port collision between the ThingsBoard server and ThingsBoard Edge.

Please locate and change next parameters in ThingsBoard Edge configuration file (C:\Program Files (x86)\tb-edge\conf\tb-edge.yml):

port: “${HTTP_BIND_PORT:18080}”

bind_port: “${MQTT_BIND_PORT:11883}”

bind_port: “${COAP_BIND_PORT:15683}”

bind_port: “${LWM2M_ENABLED:false}”

bind_port: “${INTEGRATIONS_RPC_PORT:19090}”

Ensure that the ports listed above (18080, 11883, 15683) are not being used by any other application.

Step 5. Run installation script

Launch windows shell (Command Prompt) as Administrator. Change directory to your ThingsBoard Edge installation directory.

Execute install.bat script to install ThingsBoard Edge as a Windows service. This means it will be automatically started on system startup. Similar, uninstall.bat will remove ThingsBoard Edge from Windows services. The output should be similar to this one:

C:\Program Files (x86)\tb-edge\install.bat
Detecting Java version installed.
CurrentVersion 110
Java 11 found!
Installing Thingsboard Edge...
ThingsBoard Edge installed successfully!

Step 6. Start ThingsBoard Edge service

Now let’s start the ThingsBoard Edge service! Open the command prompt as an Administrator and execute the following command:

net start tb-edge

Expected output:

The ThingsBoard Edge Server Application service is starting.
The ThingsBoard Edge Server Application service was started successfully.

In order to restart the ThingsBoard Edge service you can execute following commands:

net stop tb-edge
net start tb-edge

Step 7. Open ThingsBoard Edge UI

Once started, you will be able to open ThingsBoard Edge UI using the following link http://localhost:8080.

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If you changed the Edge HTTP bind port to 18080 during Edge installation, use the following ThingsBoard Edge UI link: http://localhost:18080.

Please use your tenant credentials from local Server instance or ThingsBoard Cloud to log in to the ThingsBoard Edge.


The log files are located in logs folder (“C:\Program Files (x86)\tb-edge\logs” in our case).

The tb-edge.log file should contain following line:

YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss,sss [main] INFO  o.t.server.TbEdgeApplication - Started TbEdgeApplication in seconds (JVM running for

In case of any unclear errors, use general troubleshooting guide or contact us.

Windows firewall settings

In order to have external access to ThingsBoard Web UI and device connectivity (HTTP, MQTT, CoAP) you need to create a new inbound rule with Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.

  • Open “Windows Firewall” from “Control Panel”:


  • Click “Advanced settings” on the left panel:


  • Select “Inbound Rules” on the left panel, then click “New Rule…” on the right “Actions” panel:


  • Now new “New Inbound Rule Wizard” window will open. On the first step “Rule Type” select “Port” option:


  • On the “Protocol and Ports” step select “TCP” protocol and enter port list 8080, 1883, 5683 in the “Specific local ports” field:


  • On the “Action” step leave “Allow the connection” option selected:


  • On the “Profile” step select Windows network profiles when to apply this rule:


  • Finally, give the name to this rule (for ex. “ThingsBoard Service Networking”) and click “Finish”.


Next Steps

Congratulations! You have successfully provisioned, installed and connected ThingsBoard Edge to ThingsBoard server.

You can continue with Getting started guide to get the basic knowledge of ThingsBoard Edge or you can jump directly to more advanced topics: