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ThingsBoard Documentation

Documentation for using ThingsBoard IoT Platform.

Working with telemetry data

ThingsBoard provides a rich set of features related to telemetry data:

This guide provides an overview of the features listed above, and some useful links to get more details.

image

Device telemetry upload API

ThingsBoard provides an API to upload time series key-value data. Flexibility and simplicity of a key-value format allow easy and seamless integration with almost any IoT device on the market. Telemetry upload API depends on each supported network protocol. API and examples can be reviewed in corresponding reference page:

Telemetry Service

Telemetry Service is responsible for persisting time series data to internal data storage. It also provides server-side API to query and subscribe to data updates.

Internal data storage

ThingsBoard uses either Cassandra NoSQL database or SQL database to store all data.

A device that sends data to the server will receive confirmation about data delivery as soon as data is stored in DB. Modern MQTT clients allow temporary local storage of undelivered data. Thus, even if one of the ThingsBoard nodes goes down, the device will not lose the data and will be able to push it to other servers.

Server-side applications are also able to publish telemetry values for different entities and entity types.

Although you can query the database directly, ThingsBoard provides set of RESTful and WebSocket API that simplify this process and apply certain security policies:

Data Query API

Telemetry Service provides following REST API to fetch entity data:

image

NOTE: The API listed above is available via Swagger UI. Please review the general REST API documentation for more details. The API is backward compatible with TB v1.0+ and this is the main reason why API call URLs contain “plugin”.

Time series data keys API

You can fetch list of all data keys for particular entity type and entity id using GET request to the following URL

http(s)://host:port/api/plugins/telemetry/{entityType}/{entityId}/keys/timeseries
resources/get-telemetry-keys.sh
curl -v -X GET http://localhost:8080/api/plugins/telemetry/DEVICE/ac8e6020-ae99-11e6-b9bd-2b15845ada4e/keys/timeseries \
--header "Content-Type:application/json" \
--header "X-Authorization: $JWT_TOKEN"

Supported entity types are: TENANT, CUSTOMER, USER, DASHBOARD, ASSET, DEVICE, ALARM, ENTITY_VIEW

Time series data values API

You can fetch list of latest values for particular entity type and entity id using GET request to the following URL

http(s)://host:port/api/plugins/telemetry/{entityType}/{entityId}/values/timeseries?keys=key1,key2,key3
resources/get-latest-telemetry-values.sh
curl -v -X GET http://localhost:8080/api/plugins/telemetry/DEVICE/ac8e6020-ae99-11e6-b9bd-2b15845ada4e/values/timeseries?keys=gas,temperature \
--header "Content-Type:application/json" \
--header "X-Authorization: $JWT_TOKEN"
resources/get-latest-telemetry-values-result.json
{
  "gas": [
    {
      "ts": 1479735870786,
      "value": "1"
    }
  ],
  "temperature": [
    {
      "ts": 1479735870786,
      "value": "3"
    }
  ]
}

Supported entity types are: TENANT, CUSTOMER, USER, DASHBOARD, ASSET, DEVICE, ALARM, ENTITY_VIEW

You can also fetch list of historical values for particular entity type and entity id using GET request to the following URL

http(s)://host:port/api/plugins/telemetry/{entityType}/{entityId}/values/timeseries?keys=key1,key2,key3&startTs=1479735870785&endTs=1479735871858&interval=60000&limit=100&agg=AVG

The supported parameters are described below:

ThingsBoard will use startTs, endTs, and interval to identify aggregation partitions or sub-queries and execute asynchronous queries to DB that leverage built-in aggregation functions.

resources/get-telemetry-values.sh
curl -v -X GET "http://localhost:8080/api/plugins/telemetry/DEVICE/ac8e6020-ae99-11e6-b9bd-2b15845ada4e/values/timeseries?keys=gas,temperature&startTs=1479735870785&endTs=1479735871858&interval=60000&limit=100&agg=AVG" \
--header "Content-Type:application/json" \
--header "X-Authorization: $JWT_TOKEN"
resources/get-telemetry-values-result.json
{
  "gas": [
    {
      "ts": 1479735870786,
      "value": "1"
    },
    {
      "ts": 1479735871857,
      "value": "2"
    }
  ],
  "temperature": [
    {
      "ts": 1479735870786,
      "value": "3"
    },
    {
      "ts": 1479735871857,
      "value": "4"
    }
  ]
}

Supported entity types are: TENANT, CUSTOMER, USER, DASHBOARD, ASSET, DEVICE, ALARM, ENTITY_VIEW

WebSocket API

WebSockets are actively used by Thingsobard Web UI. WebSocket API duplicates REST API functionality and provides the ability to subscribe to device data changes. You can open a WebSocket connection to a telemetry service using the following URL

ws(s)://host:port/api/ws/plugins/telemetry?token=$JWT_TOKEN

Once opened, you can send

subscription commands and receive subscription updates:

where

Example

Change values of the following variables :

In case of live-demo server :

In case of local installation :

resources/web-socket.html
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>

    <script type="text/javascript">
        function WebSocketAPIExample() {
            var token = "YOUR_JWT_TOKEN";
            var entityId = "YOUR_DEVICE_ID";
            var webSocket = new WebSocket("ws(s)://host:port/api/ws/plugins/telemetry?token=" + token);

            if (entityId === "YOUR_DEVICE_ID") {
                alert("Invalid device id!");
                webSocket.close();
            }

            if (token === "YOUR_JWT_TOKEN") {
                alert("Invalid JWT token!");
                webSocket.close();
            }

            webSocket.onopen = function () {
                var object = {
                    tsSubCmds: [
                        {
                            entityType: "DEVICE",
                            entityId: entityId,
                            scope: "LATEST_TELEMETRY",
                            cmdId: 10
                        }
                    ],
                    historyCmds: [],
                    attrSubCmds: []
                };
                var data = JSON.stringify(object);
                webSocket.send(data);
                alert("Message is sent: " + data);
            };

            webSocket.onmessage = function (event) {
                var received_msg = event.data;
                alert("Message is received: " + received_msg);
            };

            webSocket.onclose = function (event) {
                alert("Connection is closed!");
            };
        }
    </script>

</head>
<body>

<div id="sse">
    <a href="javascript:WebSocketAPIExample()">Run WebSocket</a>
</div>

</body>
</html>

Data visualization

ThingsBoard provides the ability to configure and customize dashboards for data visualization. This topic is covered in a separate guide.

Data Visualization guide

Rule engine

ThingsBoard provides the ability to configure data processing rules. Each rule consists of

You can find more details in a separate guide:

Rule Engine guide